1- Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough.
The flu virus can travel through the air when a person coughs or sneezes. When you cough or sneeze you should:
• Turn away from other people
• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve
• Use disposable tissues rather than a handkerchief (which could store the virus).
• Put used tissues into the nearest bin, rather than a pocket or handbag
• Wash your hands, or use an alcohol hand rub, as soon as possible afterwards.
People who are sick should always be encouraged to wear a surgical mask to contain the virus and help prevent its spread.
2- Wash your hands
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or using an alcohol-based product (gels, rinses,foams) that doesn’t require water – even when they aren’t visibly dirty. This is the single most effective way of killing the flu virus. Either of these methods is effective, with products available at supermarkets and pharmacies.
Always wash your hands:
• after you’ve been to the toilet
• after coughing, sneezing or blowing your nose
• after being in contact with someone who has a cold or flu
• before touching your eyes, nose or mouth
• before preparing food and eating.
3-Don’t share personal items
The flu virus can spread when someone touches an object with the virus on it and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.
If a member of your household has the flu:
• keep personal items, such as towels, bedding and toothbrushes separate
• do not share eating and drinking utensils, food or drinks
Flu viruses can live on surfaces for several hours. If a member of your household has the flu, you should regularly clean surfaces such as tables, benches, fridge doors and door knobs with soap and water or detergent.
5-Avoid close contact with others if you are unwell with flu
Keeping your distance from others by standing or sitting back (at least one metre apart, wherepossible) will help reduce the chances of spreading the flu virus between people.
While you are unwell you should remain at home and avoid going out in public. If you are unwell, you should not go to work or school or attend other public or crowded gatherings, and avoid taking public transport. If you need to use public transport, it is recommended that you
wear a mask to contain the virus.
Do not visit people who have the flu unless it is absolutely necessary.
If a member of your household has the flu, he or she should be separated from other members of the family if possible, and be encouraged to wear a surgical mask. If you are caring for someone who has the flu, you too should wear a mask and gloves when in close contact to protect yourself
from catching the flu.